Academic Research Proposal, a document written to propose a research project. Academic Research proposal is usually the initial stage of writing a research project or thesis. An academic research proposal constitutes of three chapters. The procedure of writing an academic research proposal may vary in regard to certain fields study as well as depending on the institution from which the academic research proposal is written from. Different institutions have their own procedures and standards; however there are general standards and steps that every academic research proposal must follow.
The main aim of writing an academic research proposal is to convince a supervisor, academic panel as well as your institution that indeed your topic is sound and researchable. Writing academic research proposal, process carried out by students from learning institutions across the world. Actually to many of the learning institutions across the globe writing an academic research proposal and later academic project is a key requirement and students cannot graduate without having to complete the process. It is also a process carried out by other institutions such as research institutions, non government institutions as well as other institutions with the aim of identifying a problem and finding solutions to the problem.
Benefits of writing an Academic Research Proposal
- Writing an academic research proposal enables researcher to identify an existing problem.
- It facilitates ways of finding solutions to the problem, and thus helps in solving the problem.
- Academic research proposal helps students and institutions to acquire more knowledge on an existing area of study. Aimed at discovery and interpretation of new knowledge.
- It also probes further research on the same subject under study or other subjects related to the subject under study.
Steps of Writing an Academic Research Proposal
An academic research proposal constitutes of three chapters. Additionally every chapter consists of several steps and procedures. Below is the general standard procedure to writing an academic research proposal.
Chapter one consist of the following concepts and steps:
Background of the Study
Background of the study contains information of the problem understudy. The researcher should thoroughly discuss and give an examination of the significance of the research problem. From the background your readers should be able to gain a sense that you are very familiar with the problem under study. The researcher should give an overview of the understanding of the problem both locally as well as globally.
Statement of the Problem
The researcher should articulately show the existing gap in regard to the identified problem and describe ways in which the gap can be closed. Discuss the problem under study giving illustrations and examples and if any statistics of past researches carried out on the same subject of study. Explain why the subject under study is unique from the past done researches on the same subject. Additionally explain to your readers what is interesting about your problem.
Objectives of the Study and Research Questions
Research objectives and research questions are two different entities though related to one another. Objectives of the study come before the research questions. The researcher must write down objectives of the study in point form starting with the general objective to specific objectives. The general object usually derived from the research title where as the specific objectives are derived mostly from the statement of the problem.
Once finished with the objectives the research questions then follow, derived from the specific objectives. Therefore the research questions should be same number as the specific objectives, that is, if specific objectives are four in number then the research questions should also be four in number.
Justification of the Study
Discuss and explain why the research is important. The researcher should outline the benefits of the research and describe those who bound to benefit from the research. Show your readers why the research is important by explaining and describing its benefits.
Chapters two consist of the following concepts:
The proposal should include a critical review of other literature related to the topic under study. Acknowledge other researchers whose works have formed a foundation for your research. Discuss academic theories that relates to your study and how their existence affect your study.
A group of concepts related to the research study that are broadly defined and systematically organized to provide a focus, a rationale, as well as a tool for the integration and interpretation of information. Conceptual framework is usually expressed abstractly through word models or diagrams.
Critique of the Existing Literature
The researcher should be able to understand the existing literature related to his/her study. The researcher should be able to critically analyze, interpret and provide a critique to the readers of the existing literature.
Chapters three consist of the following concepts:
A research design is a conceptual structure within which the research is conducted. The researcher should outline the research design that is suitable for the academic research proposal. For example the researcher may decide on descriptive, experimental or even survey designs among other research designs. The researcher should justify why the decided on design is suitable for his/her proposal.
Describe the sampling unit used for the research. Explain the reasons that led you to decide on a particular target population. Explain the benefits of the research to the target population as well as the benefits of the target population to the research.
Data Collection Method and Technique
Describe on how you purpose to collect your data. This could be through questionnaires, interviews, questionnaire surveys, interview guides among other data collection methods. Explain the benefits of your data collection method.
Data Processing and Analysis
The researcher should edit and counter check completion of questions in order to identify inappropriately responses. The researcher should establish and identify ways in which he/she will process, analyze and report the result. For example in a quantitative study the researcher may run the data through the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS)